Diphtheria: forgotten but definitely not gone away

Caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae, diphtheria is an infection the signs and symptoms of which may vary from mild to severe. They usually start two to five days after exposure. Symptoms often come on fairly gradually, beginning with a sore throat and fever. Although popularly considered a disease of the past, widespread infection in South East Asia has brought the condition in sharp focus, as did a poster on the subject displayed at the IBMS Biomedical Science Congress last year.

In severe cases, a grey or white patch develops in the throat, which can block the airway and create a barking cough as in croup. The neck may swell in part due to enlarged lymph nodes. A form of diphtheria that involves the skin, eyes, or genitals also exists.

Complications may include myocarditis, inflammation of nerves, kidney problems, and bleeding problems due to low platelet numbers. Myocarditis may result in an abnormal heart rate and inflammation of the nerves may result in paralysis.


Other news

Upcoming Events

Lab Innovations 2018

NEC, Birmingham
31 October - 1 November 2018

Latest Issue

Pathology In Practice

Pathology In Practice

Oct 2018

Register now to apply for regular copies of Pathology In Practice and free access to premium content, as well as our regular newsletters.