Effective disinfection protocols are essential to support infection prevention strategies in hospitals. Environmental surfaces contaminated with pathogens have the potential to become sources of infection. Cleaning and disinfection are key interventions to reduce contamination levels on surfaces. However, the efficacy of these interventions is determined not only by the methods used but also by the type of surface being cleaned and where it is situated.1 Therefore, a risk stratified approach should be considered when determining protocols, based on a number of factors which are examined in this article.
Viruses and bacteria are the most common causes of infectious diseases acquired in hospitals and cause a considerable negative impact on the health of patients. Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs; also referred to as ‘nosocomial’) are defined as infections that occur in patients during the process of care in a hospital or other healthc